Daniel Gilchrist Taylor

 

Daniel Gilchrist Taylor

Term: 1861 - 1863
Party: Union Anti-Black Republican
Born: November 15, 1819
Cincinnati, Ohio
Died: October 8, 1878
St. Louis, Missouri
 
Daniel G. Taylor (Mayor 1861-1863)-Background
Mayor (1861-1863). Daniel Gilchrist Taylor was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on November 15, 1819. His parents were natives of Scotland who came to the United States about 1810. Taylor's education was limited to the public schools. Mr. Taylor first employment was on steamboats on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. He became a river boat captain and was master of the steamer 'Clairmont' which went up the Yellowstone River in 1845 on a trading expedition for Pierre Chouteau's American Fur Company. Captain Taylor continued as a boat master until 1849. Taylor had previously established a home in St. Louis and just purchased the store. Then he set up the steamboat agency of Taylor and Hopkins. Later Taylor became head of the wholesale firm of Taylor and Horrington.

Taylor married Miss Angelique Henri, who died in a river boat explosion in 1858. They had two children. In 1860 he married Miss Emilie Lebeau and they had three children.

Mr. Taylor took an active interest in city government from the time he came to St. Louis. He was a member of the City Council in 1852, 1854 and 1855.

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Daniel G. Taylor (Mayor 1861-1863)-Administration
In 1862 Daniel Gilchrist Taylor became the twenty-first Mayor of St. Louis.

He became Mayor at a critical time toward the start of the Civil War. He ran on the 'Union Anti-Black Republican' ticket, and defeated former Mayor John How. The unionist here expressed fear that southern sympathizers might try to take the government's treasure from the Federal Building and the 60,000 muskets stored at the arsenal. Missouri's pro-southern Governor Jackson established a soldier's camp near Grand and Lindell Avenues. Captain Lyon of the Federal Forces here, demanded surrender of the camp as an enemy of the government. General Frost of the State Forces the loot to the arsenal, a crowd gathered. Rocks were thrown; a gun was fired; and firing became general. The crowd was in range and in a few minutes 28 people were killed and many more were injured.

All commerce on the Mississippi with the South ceased, and many people in St. Louis were unemployed. $20,000 was appropriated for employing laborers on the streets and similar public work. A dispensary was set up to furnish free medical advice and medicines to the indigent sick. The old County Court House at Broadway and Market Streets was completed in 1862 and the City moved its offices into the north wing. The Civil War and its resulting depression here hurt City finances. Mayor Taylor sent a circular to the City's creditors explaining such financial troubles.

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Daniel G. Taylor (Mayor 1861-1863)-Post-Administration
Daniel Gilchrist Taylor was elected City Treasurer in 1870 and 1872. He served as president of the Boatmen's Insurance and Trust Company, and of the Real Estate Savings Institution.

Daniel G. Taylor died in St. Louis, October 8, 1878. Burial was at Calvary Cemetery.

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